Investing Rulebook

Internal Claim

Title: Protecting Your Assets: Understanding Internal and External ClaimsAs a business owner, it is crucial to understand the concept of internal and external claims and how they impact the protection of your assets. Whether you are running a small startup or an established company, being aware of these terms can save you from potential legal and financial troubles.

In this article, we will delve into the world of internal and external claims and explore various strategies to safeguard your business and personal assets. 1) Internal Claim: Definition and Purpose

An internal claim refers to a legal demand made by someone within the business, typically seeking payment or a share of the company’s assets.

These individuals can include business partners, investors, or even shareholders. Internal claims are important as they aim to ensure all parties involved receive their fair share.

Establishing clear agreements and contracts upfront can prevent internal claims from arising and help maintain healthy business relationships.

2) Protection through Business Structure

Choosing the right business structure is a crucial step in protecting your assets. Consider forming a

Limited Liability Company (LLC) which offers a separate legal entity from its owners.

This means that, as a business owner, your personal assets will be protected in the event of an internal claim or debt liability.


Limited Liability Company (LLC)

An LLC is a hybrid structure that combines features of a corporation and partnership. Its primary advantage lies in shielding its owners from personal liability for the company’s debts.

This means that if an internal claim arises, the claimants cannot pursue the personal assets of the business owners, providing an added layer of protection. 4) LLC vs.


When comparing an LLC to partnerships, it becomes apparent that partnerships, particularly general partnerships, lack the limited liability aspect. In a general partnership, the personal assets of partners are at risk in the event of an internal claim or debt.

Limited partnerships offer some protection, but general partners can still be held personally liable for certain actions or debts, making an LLC a more secure option.

5) Other Means of Protection

In addition to business structure, there are other methods to protect your assets. Creating a real estate trust can separate personal and business ownership, thus safeguarding assets from internal claims.

It is essential to consult with legal professionals to determine the best approach for your specific circumstances. Transition: Having explored the potential internal claims and protection strategies, let us now shift our focus to external claims and how they can impact your business.

1) External Claims: Definition and Opposite of Internal Claim

Unlike internal claims, external claims originate from outside parties, such as creditors or lenders, seeking repayment of debts or defaulting loan repayments. External claims can be financially burdensome and may jeopardize the stability of a business if not managed carefully.

2) Protection of

Limited Liability Companies

Just as an LLC protects against internal claims, it also offers protection against most external claims. Creditors cannot generally pursue the personal assets of LLC owners to satisfy business debts.

However, it is worth noting that certain situations, such as personally guaranteed loans, may expose personal assets to external claims.

3) Example of an External Claim

To better illustrate the impact of external claims, consider the following scenario. A young company organized as an LLC is owned by a married couple.

The company obtains a bank loan to fuel expansion, but unforeseen challenges arise, resulting in an inability to make loan repayments. In such a case, the bank can pursue the company’s assets but cannot target the personal assets of the married couple.


By understanding the differences between internal and external claims and implementing appropriate protection strategies, business owners can safeguard their assets and navigate potential legal and financial challenges more effectively. From selecting the right business structure to consulting legal professionals, taking proactive measures is key to maintaining financial security and peace of mind.

Remember, protecting your assets is not just good practice; it is essential for the long-term success and sustainability of your business.

Limited Liability

In the world of business, limited liability plays a crucial role in protecting the personal assets of business owners. By understanding the concept of limited liability and the various legal structures that offer this protection, entrepreneurs can minimize the risk of personal financial loss.

In this section, we will delve deeper into the definition and purpose of limited liability, as well as explore different types of limited liability structures. 3.1) Definition and Purpose of

Limited Liability

Limited liability is a legal concept that limits the amount of personal liability a business owner can be subjected to in the event of financial loss or legal claims related to the business.

It serves as a protective shield, separating the personal assets of the owners from the liabilities and debts of the business. The purpose of limited liability is to encourage entrepreneurship and foster economic growth by offering business owners a level of security.

Without limited liability protection, individuals might hesitate to start or invest in businesses due to the fear of losing personal wealth. By operating a business with limited liability, entrepreneurs can focus on growing their enterprises without the constant worry of personal financial ruin.

However, it is important to note that limited liability does not absolve business owners of all responsibility. They must still adhere to legal obligations, such as fulfilling contractual agreements and operating within the bounds of the law.

3.2) Types of

Limited Liability Structures

There are various legal structures available that offer limited liability protection. Let’s explore some of the most common ones:


Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs):

LLPs are business entities where partners have limited liability.

This structure is often chosen by professionals, such as lawyers or accountants. In an LLP, partners are shielded from personal liability for the actions of other partners, except for their own acts of negligence or misconduct.

This structure allows for an equal distribution of liability among partners, promoting a sense of fairness and individual responsibility. b)

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs):

LLCs are hybrid structures that combine the benefits of partnerships and corporations.

They provide limited liability protection to owners, known as members, while offering flexibility in management and tax considerations. LLCs can have a single member or multiple members, and their liability is generally limited to the amount of their investment in the company.

This structure is popular among small and medium-sized businesses due to its simplicity and reduced administrative burdens. c) Corporations:

Corporations are separate legal entities that offer the most extensive form of limited liability protection.

Shareholders’ personal assets are typically shielded from the liabilities of the corporation, except in cases of fraud or illegal activities. Corporations require more formalities, such as holding regular meetings and keeping thorough records, but they also provide greater access to financing options, making them attractive to large businesses and those seeking external investment.

Each of these structures has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of structure should be based on the specific needs and goals of the business. Consulting with legal and financial professionals can help business owners determine the most appropriate structure for their unique circumstances.


Limited liability is a paramount consideration for business owners seeking to protect their personal assets. It offers a level of security that allows entrepreneurs to take calculated risks and pursue business growth without the constant fear of personal financial ruin.

By understanding the concept and purpose of limited liability, as well as considering different legal structures, business owners can navigate the complex world of entrepreneurship with confidence and peace of mind. Remember, limited liability is a fundamental principle that enables the transformative power of business while safeguarding the personal wealth of those who dare to venture into the entrepreneurial realm.

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