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Bordereau Meaning in Insurance & How the Report Works

Title: Understanding Bordereau Reports in Insurance and ReinsuranceIn the complex world of insurance and reinsurance, an essential tool used by companies to manage their assets and claims is the bordereau report. This document plays a crucial role in the smooth functioning of insurance and reinsurance processes, providing vital information to both insurers and reinsurers.

In this article, we will delve into the definition, purpose, and various types of bordereau reports, while exploring their content and the best methods for their formatting and transmission. 1) What is a Bordereau?

1.1) Definition and Purpose of a Bordereau:

A bordereau is an essential document used by insurance companies, reinsurers, and brokers to detail specific information about the assets, claims, or premiums related to a specific insurance policy or reinsurance treaty. Essentially, it acts as a report that provides comprehensive data, offering insights into the financial aspects of the relationship between insurers and reinsurers.

1.2) Types of Bordereau Reports:

There are mainly three types of bordereau reports, each serving a distinct purpose in the insurance and reinsurance industry:

– Premium Bordereau: This report focuses on the premiums collected by insurers. It outlines the insured risks, the reinsurance coverage applied, and critical dates such as the policy’s inception and expiration.

Additionally, it may include the primary insurance provider, contributing to data reconciliation between primary insurance policies and the reinsurance contract. – Loss Bordereau: Unlike the premium bordereau, this report concentrates on losses and claims.

It provides detailed information about the nature of the losses, claims filed, and any payments made by the reinsurer. This report ensures accurate tracking and evaluation of losses, enabling the reinsurer to understand the financial risks associated with the reinsured insurance company.

– Reinsurance Treaty Bordereau: This report offers an overview of the broader reinsurance treaty between an insurance company and a reinsurer. It incorporates information from premium and loss bordereaux, providing an encompassing understanding of the financial relationship between the parties involved.

2) Details of a Bordereau

2.1) Content of a Premium Bordereau:

In a premium bordereau, the insureds’ details are outlined, along with the risks covered under the policy. It also includes essential information about the risk location, coverage limits, and premiums paid.

The presentation of this data facilitates the effective analysis of the insurer’s portfolio and the detection of any discrepancies that may arise during reconciliation. 2.2) Content of a Loss Bordereau:

In a loss bordereau, the information revolves around the losses incurred and claims made by the insured.

The report includes details on the date and nature of the loss, the amount of the claim, and any payments made by the reinsurer. This comprehensive overview allows effective loss tracking, enabling both the insurer and reinsurer to assess the financial implications of the losses.

2.3) Formatting and Sending the Bordereau Report:

Traditionally, bordereau reports were created on paper and sent via mail. However, technological advancements have made electronic bordereau reports more prevalent.

Insurers can now generate these reports using specialized software, ensuring accuracy, efficiency, and ease of transmission. Electronic versions also make data analysis and record-keeping more convenient.

To send a bordereau report, insurers typically forward it to the reinsurer or reinsurance broker, depending on the specific arrangement. It is essential to ensure the secure transmission of these reports, adhering to data protection regulations and considering the confidentiality of the shared information.


Understanding the importance of a bordereau report in insurance and reinsurance is crucial for effective risk management and financial evaluations. By capturing critical data about premiums, losses, and claims, these reports empower insurers and reinsurers to make informed decisions.

Through the use of premium, loss, and reinsurance treaty bordereaux, companies can reconcile data, track losses, and evaluate portfolios accurately. As the industry embraces digitization, electronic bordereau reports have become increasingly popular, simplifying transmission and enhancing data analysis capabilities.

3) Use of the Bordereau

3.1) Role of the Reinsurer in Using the Premium Bordereau:

When it comes to the premium bordereau, the reinsurer plays a crucial role in analyzing the information provided. This report allows the reinsurer to assess the profitability of the ceded business and make decisions on accepting or rejecting certain risks.

By reviewing the premiums collected, the reinsurer gains insight into the revenue generated from the reinsured policies. Additionally, the premium bordereau serves as a valuable tool for auditing purposes.

Insurers and reinsurers have a mutual interest in ensuring accurate reporting of premiums. Through detailed analysis, discrepancies can be identified, prompting further investigation if necessary.

This process promotes transparency and accountability, benefiting both parties involved. By scrutinizing the premium bordereau, reinsurers can identify profitable risks and adapt their reinsurance strategies accordingly.

They can target specific areas or lines of business that align with their risk appetite and expertise. Conversely, they may choose to reduce or eliminate participation in certain segments that pose higher risks or have lower profitability.

3.2) Summary Accounting Information as an Alternative:

While the bordereau report is widely used in the insurance and reinsurance industry, there is an alternative method known as summary accounting information. This approach involves a contractual clause that allows for the summary presentation of financial information instead of providing detailed risk-level details, as seen in the bordereau report.

Summary accounting information streamlines the reporting process, reducing the administrative burden associated with generating individual bordereau reports. Instead of providing comprehensive data on each policy, the report offers aggregated figures, enabling a high-level overview of the portfolio.

This method provides a faster and more efficient way to evaluate the overall performance of the reinsurance arrangement. The use of summary accounting information does not eliminate the need for bordereau reports entirely.

It complements the detailed reports by providing a summary of the financial information while maintaining a level of transparency between the insurer and the reinsurer. This alternative method is particularly helpful when dealing with a large number of policies or when specific risk-level details are not as critical.

4) Etymology

4.1) Origin and Meaning of the Term “Bordereau”:

The term “bordereau” originates from Middle French, derived from the Old French word “bordure” which means “border” or “edge.” In the insurance and reinsurance context, the use of the term refers to the document that outlines the financial information related to the border or margin between the insurer and the reinsurer. The term’s connotation of a border or edge aligns with the purpose of the bordereau report, which provides critical information delineating the relationship between the insurer and the reinsurer.

Just as a border separates two territories, the bordereau report delineates the financial boundaries between the two parties involved in the reinsurance arrangement. 4.2) Use of Art-Related Terminology in the Reinsurance Industry:

Interestingly, the reinsurance industry has embraced terminology associated with the art world.

Professionals in this field often refer to themselves as “underwriters,” evoking imagery of art connoisseurs carefully assessing valuable pieces. The unique language used in the art world has permeated the reinsurance industry, creating a sense of exclusivity and expertise shared by both professions.

Similarly, the concept of risk evaluation and selection in reinsurance is akin to an enlightened discernment process in the art world. Reinsurers exercise their skill in assessing risks, gauging their potential value or liability much like art insiders determine the worth of a painting or sculpture.

By incorporating art-related terminology, the reinsurance industry conveys the importance of expertise and precision in its operations. This nuanced language serves to differentiate professionals in the field, emphasizing their sophisticated understanding of the complex risks they handle.

In conclusion, the bordereau report plays a vital role in the insurance and reinsurance industry, providing detailed information about premiums, losses, and claims. Reinsurers leverage this data to evaluate risks, make informed decisions on accepting or rejecting business, and ensure accurate financial reporting.

The use of alternative methods such as summary accounting information streamlines the reporting process while maintaining transparency. Furthermore, the term “bordereau” itself holds historical significance, originating from Middle French and aligning with its purpose in delineating financial boundaries.

The adoption of art-related terminology in the reinsurance industry adds an air of exclusivity and expertise to the profession, emphasizing the sophisticated nature of risk evaluation.

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